Huelva Province - Trigueros

Trigueros

by Saskia Mier

Trigueros is situated along the west side of the Comarca El Condado. A predominantly agricultural village with about 7400 inhabitants.

HISTORY

It is suggested that the territory was inhabited since the Paleolithic Age, but the most important prehistoric element in terms of size and conservation is the Dolmen de Soto, an important mausoleum of the Copper Age.

The Roman presence is evident with the existence of various archaeological remains, such as El Pilar de Media Legua from the second century AD. An Arab settlement is suggested according to the Iglesia de San Antonio Abad, built on the remains of a Moorish fortress.

In 1324 Alfonso XI donated Trigueros to Juan Alonso de la Cerda, Lord of Gibraleón. In 1346, Niebla brought Trigueros from the Lordship of Gibraleón. Therefore, when in 1369 King Enrique II of Castille donated the Condado de Niebla to Don Juan Alonso Perez de Guzman, Trigueros became part of Estado de los Duques de Medina Sidonia.

In 1755, the Lisbon earthquake destroyed a large part of public, religious and private buildings in Trigueros and had to be rebuilt. In 1768, Trigueros obtains it village title from King Carlos III.

THINGS TO SEE

Iglesia de San Antonio Abad
The church dates to the thirteenth century and was built in Gothic-Mudejar style as an order by Alfonso X El Sabio. It was built over the remains of a Moorish castle from the twelfth century. Located on Plaza de España.

Convento del Carmen
Was previously known as Nuestra Señora de Consolación, the Convent has two parts to it. One part recently restored to use as Civil Offices and the other is the temple where Nuestra Señora del Carmen is held. Located on Calle La Jara.

Colegio de Santa Catalina "La Campana"
Dates to the sixteenth century and was originally a school. It was an outstanding institution due to its historical and artistic values, with unique architectural features; it was seen as an important religious and educational centre of great cultural influence in the Modern Age. Located on Calle La Compañia.

Ermita de la Misericordia
The sixteenth century chapel was originally the chapel for the Hospital de la Santa Misericordia. According to a tradition recorded in 1721, Father Diego Lainez and his partner stayed in the chapel when they came to Trigueros to found the Colegio de la Compañía de Jesús (school). Located on Calle Los Mesones.

Iglesia de Nuestra Señora del Carmen
The church dates to seventeenth century and was restored in 1800. Located in Plaza del Carmen. 

Capilla de San José Obrero
The intimate chapel holds a festival at the end of April with events such as flamenco groups, comedians, orchestras, dances, sports competitions, concerts, exhibitions etc. Located on Calle Primero de Mayo.

THINGS TO SEE OUTSIDE THE VILLAGE

El Domen de Soto
A megalithic monument dating from 3000-2500 BC in the form of a 20.90m corridor found in 1923 by Armando de Soto, dating to the Copper Age. It is one of the largest in Andalusia and the most important in Spain. The first study and excavation was made in 1923 by Hugo Obermaier. Its structure consists of a series of successive dolmens formed by pillars for vertical support and tiles to cover, all made of sandstone and limestone from the area. Its interior has a height of 1.45m starting from the entrance, and increases reaching 3m. The walls have numerous engravings symbolic to the Iberian Peninsula. In the 1924 publication of Hugo Obermaier, he describes the findings of eight bodies attached to the pillars, although the reliability of this description is questioned by some current investigators. Located in Finca La Lobita, south east of Trigueros.

Opening Times:
15th October-15th June, Monday-Wednesday, 09:00-14:00hrs.
15th October-15th June, Thursday and Friday, 09:00-14:00hrs and 16:00-18:00hrs.
15th October-15th June, Weekends, 10:00-14:00hrs and 16:00-18:00hrs.
15th October-15th June, Holidays, 10:00-14:00hrs (Except Bank Holiday Mondays)
16th June-14th October, Summer: Monday-Wednesday, 09:00-14:00hrs.
16th June-14th October, Thursday and Friday, 09:00-14:00hrs and 18:00-21:00hrs.
16th June-14th October, Weekends, 10:00-14:00hrs and 18:00-21:00hrs.
16th June-14th October, Holidays, 10:00-14:00hrs (Except Bank Holiday Mondays)

Price: 2.00 euros per person.
Tel: 959 30 50 75 and 627 94 03 57
Email: dolmendesoto@ayto-trigueros.es

Pilar de la Media Legua
A Roman water source dating from the second century AD. Its name is due to the approximate distance that separates the source from the village centre. If a 'legua' is 5kms, 2.5kms is a 'media legua', therefore the distance between the two. Located on the edge of the ancient Roman road linking Seville with Ayamonte.

GASTRONOMY 

Popular and local dishes in Trigueros include la tostá (toasted bread on a fire with oil), caldereta de borrego (lamb stew) and potaje de cuaresma (Lent stew). Also popular are chuletas a la brasa (pork chops), las sardinas asadas (roast sardines), las sardinas arengues (cured sardines), las aceitunas machacadas o en salmuera (seasoned olives) and los chorizos a la brasa (grilled chorizo). Sweet treats inlclude perunillas, tortas de polvorón, hornazos, tarta de almendras (almond cake) and roscos. It is also tradition to drink sangria during festivals and Trigueros offer their own speciality. 

FESTIVALS

Fiestas de San Antonio Abad
Celebrated the last weekend of January.

Jornadas en torno al Día de Andalucía
Celebrated on the 28 Febuary to celebrate the independence of Andalusia.   

Verbena de San José Obrero 
Celebrated at the end of April, beginning of June with a pilgrimage.

Fiestas Patronales en honor de la Virgen del Carmen
Celebrated the Saturday after the 16 July in honour of the patroness. 

Fiesta de los Toros o Capeas
Celebrated at the end of August, beginning of September. A week dedicated to bullfights.

Feria de Octubre
Celebrated the last week of October.

Fiesta de la Música
Music festival celebrated in November in honour of Santa Cecilia, patroness of musicians.

LOCATION

Trigueros is located 22kms from Huelva. To get there, take the H-31 leaving Huelva onto the A-49 towards Seville. Take Exit 75 and at the roundabout, the 3rd exit onto the N-435. Continue until you reach Trigueros.

 

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